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实验室化学品存放环境
更新时间:2020-01-06 22:03

 

HUAXUEPINZAICUNFANGSHI,CHANGYINZHOUWEIHUANJINGWENSHIDUBIANHUAJIEKUAIHUOZHEDONGKUAI,ERYINQIBIANZHI,DUIQIPINZHICHANSHENGYINGXIANG,CONGERSHICHENGBENBIANGAO。YINCI,BIXUGENJUSHIJIDEBUTONGWUHUAXINGZHI,FENBIECAIQUXIANGYINGDEKONGWEN、KONGSHISHOUDUANTUOSHANBAOCUN。YOUXIESHIJIRONGYIXISHIERCHAOJIEHUOSHUIJIE;YOUDERONGYIGENKONGQILIDEYANGQI、ERYANGHUATANHUOKUOSANZAIQIZHONGDEQITAQITIFASHENGFANYING,HAIYOUYIXIESHIJISHOUGUANGZHAOHEHUANJINGWENDUDEYINGXIANGHUIBIANZHI。

化学品性质不相同,如何区别对待?

  1. DIFEIDIANDEHUAHEWU、XUYAODIWENBAOCUNDEYAOPINXUANYAOQIUFANGRUSUOXUDEHUANJING(DIWENBINGXIANG);

  2. BIGUANGBAOCUNDEYAOPINJIQISUOPEIZHIDESHIJI,JUNYINGANYAOQIUYONGZONGSERONGQI(PING)BAOCUN,HUOYONGSHENSEZHIBAOGUO。

  3. YAOPINYILVFANGRUYAOPINJUNEI,BUDEYUPEIZHIDERONGYEHUNZAIYIQIFANGZHI;

  4. YETIYAOPINFANGZHIAIJU。GUTIYAOPINYUYETIYAOPINFENKAIFANGZHI;

  5. SUANJIANBUNENGHUNFANG,YANGHUAJIHEHAIYUANJIBUNENGHUNFANG,RUGUOHUNHEHUIFASHENGJULIEFANYINGDESHIJIBUNENGHUNFANG,FANGZHIKENENGYINWEIQINGDAO,POSUIDENGYIWAIYUANYINYINFASHIGU;

  6. 彩宝贝 DUIYUYIXIECHANGWENHUANJINGXIACUNFANGDEYAOPIN,YIDINGYAOZHUYIFANGCHAO,FUZEHUIFASHENGGUTIJIEKUAIXIANXIANG!YETIYANGPINJIEKUAIHAOXIANGYIQIANZHIYUDAOBINGCUSUAN,FANGZAIWENDUGAOXIEDEDIFANGJIUNENGBIANCHENGYETAILE;

  7. 彩宝贝 BEIFANGDEDONGJIYOUDIANLENG,BUFENSHIYANSHIDEKONGDIAOYIBANZHIZHILENG,BUZHIRE,YOUYIXIENINGGUDIANHECHANGWENPIANCHABUDADESHIJI,HUICHUXIANDONGTIANNINGGU,XIATIANYOUBIANCHENGYETIDEQINGKUANG。HAIYAOZHUYIDESHI,SHIJIPINGYIBANDOUSHIPUTONGBOLISHENGCHANDE,FEICHANGHOU,WENDUBIANHUATAIJULIEDEHUARONGYIZHALIE。BIRU,DUIPALENGPADONGDEFUSHIXINGWUPIN。RUSHOUDONGJIEBINGDEBINGCUSUAN,SHOUDONGJUHECHENDIANDEJIACHUNDENG,KUFANGWENDUYINGBAOCHIZAI15℃ZUOYOU,DONGJIYAOBAONUAN;

  8. 彩宝贝 LIUSUANHEYANSUANDOUBUHAOBAOCUN,SUIRANDOUSHISUAN,LIUSUANYINGGAIGENJIASUAN、YISUAN、YANSUANFENKAIFANGZHI;

  9. JIASUAN、YISUAN、YANSUANYOUQIANGHUIFAXING,YINGTONGFENGLIANGHAO,BASUANWUJISHIPAICHU;

  10. 彩宝贝 LIUSUANJUYOUQIANGYANGHUAXINGHEQIANGTUOSHUIXING,YINGGAIDANDUFANGZHI。

九种常见化学品存放环境条件

GEZHONGHUAXUEWUPINWEIXIANTEXINGBU—YANG,ZAIWENSHIDUYAOQIUSHANGYEYINGFENBIEDUIDAI,YIYOULIZHUCUNANQUANBAOZHENGZHILIANG。

一、易爆物品:

YINGCHUCUNZAIKUNEIWENDUDIYU30℃DETIAOJIANXIA,XIANGDUISHIDUYINGBAOCHIZAI75—80%。

 

二、氧化剂:

彩宝贝 YIBANYANGHUAJIYINGKONGZHIZAI30℃YIXIA。DUIYUYIXIEHANJIEJINGSHUIDEYANGHUAJIRUXIAOSUANYANLEIYINSHOUREHOURONGHUASHIQUJIEJINGZHUANGTAIYINQICHAOJIE,KUFANGWENDUJIUBUYICHAOGUO28℃,YAOBAOCHIZAIBAOWENKUFANGNEI。XIANGDUISHIDUYINGBAOCHIZAI75%YIXIA。

彩宝贝  

三、压缩和液化气体:

CANGKUWENDUYINGBUYICHAOGUO32℃,XIANGDUISHIDUYINGKONGZHIZAI80%YIXIA,YIFANGZHIGANGPINGSHENGXIU。

 

四、自燃物品:

CANGKUWENDUYINGZAI28—30℃ZUOYOU,XIANGDUISHIDUYINGBAOCHIZAI80%YIXIA。CHUCUNHUANGLINKUFANG,DONGJIKUFANGWENDUZUIDIBUNENGDIYU3℃。

彩宝贝  

五、防潮物品:

彩宝贝 KUFANGWENDUYINGZAI30℃ZUOYOU。XIANGDUISHIDUYIBANYINGZAI75℃YIXIA,YAOTEBIEZHUYICAIQUFANGCHAODECUOSHI。

彩宝贝  

六、易燃液体:

彩宝贝 BIXUYANGEKONGZHIKUNEIWENDU,FANGZHIKUNEIWENDUGUOGAO,TEBIEYAOGENJUYETIDEFEIDIANYUSHANDIANDEGAODILAIKONGZHIWENDU。

彩宝贝  

七、易燃固体:

彩宝贝 SHIDUGUOGAOHUOSHIDUGUODA,DOUHUIYINGXIANGYIRANGUTIDEANQUANCHUCUN。RUXIAOHUAMIANDEZHUCUNXUHANYOU30%DESHIRUNJIYICHUN,KUNEIWENDUYINGKONGZHI30℃YIXIA。ZHANGNAO、JINGCHADENGXIANGDUISHIDUYINGZAI80%YIXIA。CHUCUNERJIYIRANGUTIDECANGKU,WENDUBUDECHAOGUO32℃。

彩宝贝  

八、毒害品:

DUHAIPINCANGKUWENDUBUYICHAOGUO32℃,XIANGDUISHIDUYINGKONGZHIZAI80%YIXIA。DUIYUQINGHUAWU,KUNEIYAOBAOCHIGANZAO,YINWEIQINGHUAWUYUCHAOSHIKONGQIJIECHUKECHANSHENGJUDUDEQINGHUAQINGQITI。

 

九、腐蚀性物品:

ZHEILEIWUPIN,PINZHONGJIAODUO,XINGNENGGEYI,GU、YETIDOUYOU,WEICIBIXUGENJUQIXINGZHI,DUIWEN、SHIDUJIAYIKONGZHI。

RUDUIYIXIEXISHICHAOBIANZHIHUOMAOYANDEFUSHIWUPINRUWUYANGHUAERLIN、SANLVHUALIN、QINGHUALIUXIAN、LVHUAYAFENGDENG,CANGKUYAOBAOCHIGANZAO,XIANGDUISHIDUYINGBAOCHIZAI75%YIXIA。DUIYIHUIFADEXIUSU,YIFENJIEDEGUOYANGHUAQINGSHUANGYANGSHUIHANLIANGZAI40%YIXIA,KUWENYINGBAOCHIZAI28℃YIXIA,ZUIHAOSHI25℃ZUOYOU。DUIPALENGPADONGDEFUSHIXINGWUPIN。RUSHOUDONGJIEBINGDEBINGCUSUAN,SHOUDONGJUHECHENDIANDEJIACHUNDENG,KUFANGWENDUYINGBAOCHIZAI15℃ZUOYOU,DONGJIYAOBAONUAN。

“八大防”搞定所有

一、防挥发:

彩宝贝 1.YOUFENG:ANSHUI,NONGYANSUAN,NONGXIAOSUANDENGYIHUIFAWUJIYETI,ZAIYEMIANSHANGDI10~20DIKUANGWUYOU,KEYIFANGZHIHUIFA(BUKEYONGZHIWUYOU)。

彩宝贝  

2.SHUIFENG:ERLIUHUATANZHONGJIA5mLSHUI,BIANKEZHANGQIBAOCUN。GONGSHANGJIASHUI,KEFANGGONGZHENGQIJINRUKONGQI。GONGPANGFANGXIELIUFEN,YIDANSHILUO,SANBULIUFENSHIYIGONGXIAOMIEYUHUAXUEFANYINGZHONG。

彩宝贝  

彩宝贝 3.LAFENG:YIMI、YICHUN、JIASUANDENGBISHUIQINGDEHUOYIRONGXINGHUIFAYETI,YIJINAI、DIANDENGYIHUIFAGUTI,JINMIPINGSAI,PINGKOUTULA。XIUCHUJINXINGYUANPINGLAFENGWAI,YINGJIANGYUANPINGZHIYUJUYOUHUOXINGTANDESULIAOTONGNEI,TONGKOUJINXINGLAFENG。

 

二、防潮:

1.PIAOBAIFEN、GUOYANGHUANAYINGGAIJINXINGLAFENG,FANGZHIXISHUIFENJIEHUOXISHUIBAOZHA。QINGYANGHUANAYIXISHUICHAOJIE,YINGGAIJINXINGLAFENG;XIAOSUANAN、LIUSUANNAYIXISHUIJIEZHUANG,DAOBUCHULAI,YIZHIDAOZHISHIJIPINGPOLIE,YEYINGYANMILAFENG。

彩宝贝  

2.TANHUAGAI、WUSHUILIUSUANTONG、WUYANGHUAERLIN、GUIJIAOJIYIXISHUIBIANZHI,HONGLINYIBEIYANGHUA,RANHOUXISHUISHENGCHENGPIANLINSUAN,YISHANGGEWUJUNYINGCUNFANGZAIGANZAOQIZHONG。

彩宝贝  

3.NONGLIUSUANSUIYINGMIBI,FANGZHIXISHUI,DANYINCHANGYONG,GUYIFANGMOKOUPINGZHONG,MOKOUPINGSAIYINGGAIYUANPEI,QIEWUDUIDIAO。

 

4.“TESHUYAOPIN”DEDIXIASHI,XIACENGBUKUAIHUI,ZHONGCENGBUSHUSHIHUISHANGCENGBUSHUANGCENGBOYOUZHI,FANGKECUNFANGYAOWU。

彩宝贝  

三、防变质:

1.FANGYANGHUA:YALIUSUANNA、LIUSUANYATIE、LIUDAILIUSUANNAJUNYIBEIYANGHUA,PINGKOUYINGTULA。

彩宝贝  

2.FANGTANSUANHUA:GUISUANNA、GUOYANGHUANA、KEXINGJIANJUNYIXISHOUERYANGHUATAN,YINGGAITULA。

 

彩宝贝 3.FANGFENGHUA:JINGTITANSUANNA、JINGTILIUSUANTONGYINGJINXINGLAFENG,CUNFANGZAIDIXIASHIZHONG。

 

4.FANGFENJIE:TANSUANQINGAN、NONGXIAOSUANSHOUREYIFENJIE,TULAHOU,CUNFANGZAIDIXIASHIZHONG。

 

彩宝贝 5.HUOXINGTANNENGXIFUDUOZHONGQITIERBIANZHI,(MUTANYITONG),YINGFANGZAIGANZAOQIZHONG。

 

6.HUANGLINYUKONGQIYIZIRAN,YONGYUANBAOCUNSHUIZHONG,MEI15TIANCHASHUIYICI:LINSHIJIPINGZHONGJIASHUI、ZHIYUYOUSHUISHUIZAOZHONG,SHANGJIAZHONGZHAOFENGBI。

 

7.JIA、NABAOCUNZAIHUOYOUZHONG。

 

彩宝贝 8.LIUSUANYATIERONGYEZHONGDIJIDIXILIUSUAN,JIARUGUOLIANGXITIEFEN,JINXINGLAFENG。

 

彩宝贝 9.PUTAOTANGRONGYERONGYIMEIBIAN,SHAOJIAJIDIJIAQUANJIKEBAOCUN。

 

10.JIAQUANYIJUHE,YINGKAIPINGHOULIJIJIASHAOLIANGJIACHUN;YIQUANZEJIAYICHUN。

 

四、防光:

彩宝贝 1.XIAOSUANYIN,NONGXIAOSUANJIDABUFENYOUJIYAOPINYINGGAIFANGZAIZONGSEPINGZHONG。

彩宝贝  

2.XIAOSUANYANCUNFANGZAIDIXIASHIZHONGJIFANGRE,YOUFANGGUANG、FANGHUOHAINENGFANGZHEN。

彩宝贝  

3.YOUJISHIJICHUCHUANGYILVYONGHEIQITURAN。

 

4.SHIYANSHIYONGSEBUCHUANGLIAN,NEIHONGWAIHEISHUANGCENG。

彩宝贝  

五、防毒害:

1.LIN、XIAOSUANYIN、LVSUANJIA、LVHUAGONGDENGJUDUWUFANGDIXIASHINEI,SHUANGRENSHUANGSUO,JIANLIDANGAN,CHENGPIQUYONG,SHIYONGJIZAI,DINGQIJIANCHA。

 

彩宝贝 2.LINHUAGAI、LINHUALVXISHUIHOUFANGCHUJUDUXINGLINHUAQING,YINGFANGZAIGANZAOQIZHONGBAOCUN,TIESHANGHONGSEBIAOQIAN。

彩宝贝  

3.YOUYUMEIYOUTONGFENGCHU,JINGCHANGZAIDIMIANBUSHIHUI,XIFUMOUXIEDUHAIQIXIANGWUZHI。

 

4.NONGSUAN,NONGJIAN、XIU、FENDENGFUSHIDEYAOWU,SHIYONGHONGSEBIAOQIAN,YISHIJINGJIE。

彩宝贝  

六、防震:

彩宝贝 1.XIAOSUANANZHENDONGYIBAOZHA,FANGDIXIASHIZHONG。

彩宝贝  

2.ZIZHIDEDAJINGTIMINGFAN、DAJINGTILIUSUANTONG,YONGRUANZHIDIANBAOFANGDAKOUSHIJIPINGZHONG,JINXINGHUANCHONG,BINGAN“SIWEISHUZI”JINXINGBIANHAORUCHU。

彩宝贝  

七、防火:

1.ZAIYIQISHI“DAMENFUJIN”、“XIANYAN”、“SHUNSHOU”DEDIFANGSHEZHISHUIGANG、XIAOFANGTONG、SHAGANG、PAOMOMIEHUOQIJISILVHUATANYIPING。PAOMOMIEHUOQIYAOWU,MEINIANGENGXINYICI。(RUYOU“CCl4”HUO“1211”MIEHUOQIGENGHAO)

 

彩宝贝 2.SHINEIDIANXIANYILVHUANCHENGANXIAN,YIFANGYAOWUXUNZHENG,DUANLUZOUHUO。

 

八、防鼠:

彩宝贝 1.JIANGHUZHONGSHIDANGDUODIAOYIXIEBENFEN。

 

2.DUI“ZHISHIJI”YICHUYAOPIN,FANGYIXIEYIHUIFADEYAOWULIRUJIAQUAN、MEIFENZAODENG。SHUHAIYANZHONGDECHUZHONG,KEJIAOTICUNFANGNONGYANSUANHENONGANSHUI。YONGYIBAOHUQITAYAOPIN。

 

彩宝贝 3.YONGCUSUANQIANDIAOJIANGHUTUZAISHUDONGKOUSIBI,LAOSHUCHURUSHIWURANPIFU,TIANERBIMING(CUSUANQIANWEITIANERJUDU)。

药品保存对容器的选择

一、瓶的选择:

彩宝贝 GUTI——GUANGKOUPING,YETI——XIKOUPING。

彩宝贝  

彩宝贝 JIANGUANGYIFENJIEHUOBIANZHIDESHIJI,RUHNO3、AgNO3、LVSHUI、AgBr、AgI、H2O2、GAOMENGSUANJIADENG,SHOUREYIFENJIE,BAOCUNZAIZONGSEPINGZHONG,ZHIAN、LENGCHU;HUOYONGHEIZHIBAOGUO,ZHIYULENGANCHUMIFENGBAOCUN。

 

彩宝贝 YEXIU:MIFENGBAOCUNZAIYOUBOLISAIDEZONGSEPINGZHONG,YEMIANSHANGFANGSHAOLIANGSHUI(SHUIFENG)(QUYONGSHIPEIDAIRUJIAOSHOUTAO,BINGYOUBIYAODEFANGHUCUOSHI,QUYONGSHIYIYONGZHANGJIAOTOUDIGUANXIQUDICENGCHUNXIU)。

 

二、瓶塞的选择:

JIANXINGRONGYEBUNENGYONGBOLISAI,YINGGAIYONGXIANGJIAOSAI。RU:NaOHRONGYE、Na2CO3RONGYEDENG。

 

NONGHNO3、NONGH2SO4、YEXIU、XIUSHUI、DABUFENYOUJIWUBUNENGYONGXIANGJIAOSAI。

彩宝贝  

彩宝贝 QIANGYANGHUAXINGRONGYE、YOUJIRONGJIBUNENGYONGXIANGJIAOSAI,YINGGAIYONGBOLISAI。RU:XIAOSUAN、GAOMENGSUANJIARONGYE、QIYOU、BENDENG。

彩宝贝  

QIANGJIAN、SHUIBOLIJIMOUXIEXIANJIAOQIANGJIANXINGDESHUIRONGYEDENGBUNENGYONGMOKOUBOLIPINGSAI,YINGYONGXIANGPISAI(RUQINGYANGNA、QINGYANGHUAJIA,SHIJIPINGYONGXIANGPISAI)。

 

YEXIU:NENGFUSHIXIANGPISAI,SHIYONGMIFENGBAOCUNZAIYOUBOLISAIDEZONGSEPINGZHONG;

 

QINGFUSUANNENGGENERYANGHUAGUIFANYINGERFUSHIBOLI,YOUJUDU。

 

ANSHUI、NONGYANSUAN、DIAN、NAIJIDIFEIDIANYOUJIWURUBEN、JIABEN、YIMIDENGJUNYINGZHUANGZAISHIJIPINGNEIJIASULIAOGAIMIFENG,FANGYULENGANCHU。

彩宝贝  

三、采用液封法保存的物质:

彩宝贝 NA——MEIYOU;BAILIN——SHUI;YEXIU——SHUI;SILVHUATAN——SHUIDENG。

彩宝贝  

SI、YIYUKONGQIZHONGWUZHIFANYINGDEWUZHIYAOMIBIBAOCUN。

彩宝贝 RU:YUSHUIFANYING(XISHUI)DEWUZHI:CaCl2、JIANSHIHUIDENGYUCO2FANYINGDEWUZHI:NaOH、Ca(OH)2、Na2O2DENGYUO2FANYINGDEWUZHI:FeSO4、Na2SO3、C6H5OH、Na2SDENG。

 

五、特殊物质的保存:

HF——BAOCUNZAISULIAOPINGZHONG。

参考表格